A Activities

Autonomous driving activities in the Germany

1 Framework

1.01 Legislation

2017
Amendment of the Road Traffic Act (StGV) with regard to automated driving

1.04 Public test routes and fields

Digital test field Autobahn
Autobahn A9 between München (Munich) and Nürnberg (Nuremberg)
Digital test field Germany-France-Luxemburg
Testing of automated and connected driving in cross-border traffic; Merzig-Saarlouis-Saarbrücken-Metz-Bettemburg
Digital Test Field Urban Traffic Berlin (Digital vernetzte Protokollstrecke DIGINET-PS)
Straße des 17. Juni between Ernst-Reuter-Platz and Brandenburger Tor
DRIVE test area for automated driving Hessen
Section on Autobahn A3, A5, A66, A661 in the area Frankfurt/M, Wiesbaden, Darmstadt, Offenbach
2016 -
Test Area Autonomous Driving Baden-Württemberg
Heilbronn, Karlsruhe
Test route Wuppertal
Under discussion:
Planned:
Testarea Niedersachsen
Connected test field in the Hannover-Salzgitter-Braunschweig/Wolfsburg triangle; includes motorways, federal highways and inner-city areas; maximum extension approx. 280 kilometres.
In preparation:
Test area for automated driving in Düsseldorf (Kooperative Mobilität im digitalen Testfeld Düsseldorf - KoMoD)

2 Implementation

2.01 Research and education

2.01.01 Organisations

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)
See:
  • Project: ADAS&ME
  • Research project: ATLaS: Automated and networked driving in logistics
Organization:
Institute of Transportation Systems
See:
  • Project: interACT
driveU
Belongs to: Daimler AG; Universität Ulm
Daimler Research Institute for Vehicle Environment Perception at Ulm University
Forschungszentrum Informatik (FZI)
Research Center for Information Technology
See:
  • Project: RobustSENSE
Fraunhofer FOKUS
See:
  • Project: RobustSENSE
Fraunhofer IAO
See:
  • Project: ADAS&ME
  • Project: BRAVE: Bridging gaps for the adoption of automated vehicles
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen
Institute of Computer Science
Organization:
Data Fusion Group
Hamburg University of Technology
See:
  • Research project: ATLaS: Automated and networked driving in logistics
Competition:
Autonomous racing car egn_dv17 for Formula Student
Heilbronn University of Applied Sciences
Institut für Kraftfahrzeugtechnik und Mechatronik
Research projects on assisted, automated and autonomous driving.
See:
  • Research project: AHeAD - Autonomous Hybrid eco Assisted Drive
Institut für Klimaschutz, Energie und Mobilität e.V. (IKEM)
See:
  • Project: Hamburg Electric Autonomous Transportation (HEAT)
  • Project: OTS 1.0
  • Project: Sohjoa Baltic
  • Research project: Interregional Automated Transport (I-AT)
Osnabrück University
Institute of Cognitive Science
Study: 01/2018
Human Decisions in Moral Dilemmas are Largely Described by Utilitarianism: Virtual Car Driving Study Provides Guidelines for Autonomous Driving Vehicles
How should a self-driving car behave in hopeless situations where an accident cannot be avoided? Should the vehicle protect passengers under all conditions, or should a vehicle sacrifice its passenger for the common good?
Paderborn University
Organization:
Heinz Nixdorf Institute
Driver assistance systems research: Development and simulation of cooperative driver assistance systems
RTWH Aachen
See:
  • Autonomous Shuttle-Fleets for Cities
  • Project: L3Pilot
Technical University of Kaiserslautern
See:
  • Research project: Energy-efficient speed and distance control for passenger cars
Technical University of Munich
Chair of traffic engineering and control
See:
  • Project: OTS 1.0
Technische Universität Braunschweig
Institut für Regelungstechnik, Arbeitsgruppe Elektronische Fahrzeugsysteme
Competition:
Carolo-Cup
Student competition about the design and implementation of automated RC cars
Technische Universität Chemnitz
Interdisziplinäres Zentrum für Fahrerassistenzsysteme (I-FAS)
Professorship of Communications Engineering
Universität Koblenz-Landau
See:
  • Research project: EZAuto
Universität Ulm
See:
  • driveU
  • Project: RobustSENSE
F3: Research center for cooperative, highly automated driver assistance systems and driving functions
University of the German Federal Armed Forces
Institute for Autonomous Systems Technology
Würzburg Institute for Traffic Sciences GmbH (WIVW)
See:
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
  • Project: L3Pilot

2.01.03 Projects

AHeAD - Autonomous Hybrid eco Assisted Drive
Belongs to: Institut für Kraftfahrzeugtechnik und Mechatronik
Research project on an efficiency-optimized, semi-autonomous operating strategy, validated on hybrid passenger cars
ATLaS: Automated and networked driving in logistics
Belongs to: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR); Hamburg University of Technology
2017 - 2019
Autonomous Shuttle-Fleets for Cities
Belongs to: RTWH Aachen; Ford Motor Co
2017 - 2020
BRAVE: Bridging gaps for the adoption of automated vehicles
Belongs to: Fraunhofer IAO; Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
Cityscapes Dataset
Dataset of traffic situations from 50 different cities. It can be used to test algorithms, which interpret such scenes.
05/2017 - 04/2020
CoEXist
Belongs to: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
European project which aims at preparing the transition phase during which automated and conventional vehicles will co-exist on cities' roads.
See:
  • CoEXist Stuttgart
2017 - 2019
DENSE
Belongs to: Daimler AG; European Center for Information and Communication Technologies (EICT); Ibeo Automotive Systems GmbH; Modulight, Inc; Renault SA; Hitachi; Innoluce BV; Autoliv
Development of sensors that work under all weather conditions.
2009 - 2012
Energy-efficient speed and distance control for passenger cars
Belongs to: Technical University of Kaiserslautern
ENSEMBLE
Belongs to: Mercedes Benz LKW; WABCO; CLEPA; MAN; ZF Friedrichshafen; Renault Trucks; Iveco; DAF Trucks N.V.; Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO); NXP Semiconductors Netherlands B.V.; Scania AB; Volvo Trucks
EZAuto
Belongs to: Universität Koblenz-Landau
Autonomous control of truck/trailer combinations with high precision
interACT
Belongs to: Institute of Transportation Systems; Robert Bosch GmbH
Designing cooperative interaction of automated vehicles with other road users in mixed traffic environments.
KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
Belongs to: Opel; 3D Mapping Solutions GmbH; Audi; BMW; Continental; Daimler AG; Robert Bosch GmbH; Würzburg Institute for Traffic Sciences GmbH (WIVW); Visteon
Highly-automated driving at higher speeds.
OTS 1.0
Belongs to: Siemens AG; Chair of traffic engineering and control; IAV GmbH Ingenieurgesellschaft Auto und Verkehr; Institut für Klimaschutz, Energie und Mobilität e.V. (IKEM)
Optimized transport system based on self-driving electric vehicles
2015 - 2018
RobustSENSE
Belongs to: AVL LIST GmbH; AVL Deutschland GmbH; Daimler AG; European Center for Information and Communication Technologies (EICT); Forschungszentrum Informatik (FZI); Fraunhofer FOKUS; Robert Bosch GmbH; Universität Ulm; Centro Tecnológico de Automoción de Galicia (CTAG); Fico Mirrors SA; Modulight, Inc; Oplatek Group; VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland; Centro Ricerche Fiat
Development of a sensor platform for automated driving în all environment conditions.
Toyota Research on Automated Cars in Europe (TRACE)
Belongs to: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (KU Leuven); Toyota Motor Corporation
2018 - 2021
UNICARagil
Belongs to: Atlatec GmbH; flyXdrive; iMAR Navigation GmbH
Development of self-driving electric vehicles.
In preparation:
2018 -
Hamburg Electric Autonomous Transportation (HEAT)
Belongs to: IAV GmbH Ingenieurgesellschaft Auto und Verkehr; Institut für Klimaschutz, Energie und Mobilität e.V. (IKEM)
Interregional Automated Transport (I-AT)
Belongs to: Institut für Klimaschutz, Energie und Mobilität e.V. (IKEM)
Autonomous driving in the border region Netherlands-Germany
2017 - 2021
L3Pilot
Belongs to: Opel; Toyota Research on Automated Cars in Europe (TRACE); Audi; BMW; Daimler AG; FEV Group GmbH; RTWH Aachen; Volkswagen; Würzburg Institute for Traffic Sciences GmbH (WIVW); VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland; PSA; Renault SA; Honda Motor Co.; Toyota Motor Corporation; Nederlandse Organisatie voor Toegepast Natuurwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (TNO); Autoliv; Volvo Cars; Jaguar Land Rover; Aptiv PLC; Ford Motor Co
European research project with large-scale piloting of functions for automated driving on SAE Level 3 and some Level 4 functions. 34 partners from 12 countries, tests with 100 cars in 10 countries.

2.02 Manufacturing

2.02.01 Automakers (OEM)

Audi
See:
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
  • Project: L3Pilot
Audi Electronics Venture GmbH (AEV)
See:
  • Company: Automotive Safety Technologies GmbH (ASTech)
BMW
See:
  • Facility: BMW test facility Sokolov (Czech Republic)
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
  • Project: L3Pilot
Daimler AG
See:
  • driveU
  • Project: DENSE
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
  • Project: L3Pilot
  • Project: RobustSENSE
Brand:
Mercedes Benz LKW
See:
  • Project: ENSEMBLE
MAN
Belongs to: Volkswagen
See:
  • Project: ENSEMBLE
Volkswagen
See:
  • Company: MAN
  • Company: Scania AB (Sweden)
  • Project: L3Pilot

2.02.03 Suppliers

APTIV Delphi Deutschland GmbH
Belongs to: Aptiv PLC
Continental
See:
  • Company: Elektrobit Automotive GmbH
  • Project: ADAS&ME
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
  • Project: VEH 08: Véhicule à conduite déléguée (France)
  • Project: VEH 09: Robustesse des architectures et des systèmes (France)
2017 -
CUbE autonomous bus operations
Robert Bosch GmbH
See:
  • Bosch UK (United Kingdom)
  • Project: interACT
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
  • Project: RobustSENSE
VALEO Schalter und Sensoren GmbH - Bietigheim-Bissingen
Belongs to: Valeo
Forschung und Entwicklung
VALEO Schalter und Sensoren GmbH - Kronach Neuses
Belongs to: Valeo
Research on autonomous driving
ZF Friedrichshafen
See:
  • Project: ENSEMBLE

2.02.04 Technology providers

Siemens AG
See:
  • Company: Aimsun SL
  • Project: OTS 1.0
ADASENS Automotive GmbH
Belongs to: Ficosa Internacional SA
Solutions for computer vision.
Automotive Safety Technologies GmbH (ASTech)
Belongs to: Andata Entwicklungstechnologie GmbH; Audi Electronics Venture GmbH (AEV)
Joint Venture between Andata Entwicklungstechnologie GmbH (ANDATA) and Audi Electronics Venture GmbH (AEV). Development of Driver assistance systems and integrated safety systems for the VW group.
AVL Deutschland GmbH
Belongs to: AVL LIST GmbH
See:
  • Project: RobustSENSE
BASELABS GmbH
Software development for sensor fusion, focused on automotive applications.
Blickfeld GmbH
Develops laser range scanners (LiDARs) and object detection and mapping software at lowest costs.
Elektrobit Automotive GmbH
Belongs to: Continental
Supplier of embedded and connected software products and services for the automotive industry.
See:
  • Company: Elektrobit Automotive Romania SRL, Brasov
flyXdrive
See:
  • Research project: UNICARagil
Ibeo Automotive Systems GmbH
Specialist for automotive LIDAR sensor technology
See:
  • Project: DENSE
iMAR Navigation GmbH
Inertial sensors and navigation systems.
See:
  • Research project: UNICARagil
Infineon Technologies AG
See:
  • Company: Innoluce BV (The Netherlands)
IPG Automotive
Software and hardware products for virtual test driving
nisys GmbH
Applications and systems for sensor data processing.
Vector Informatik GmbH
Technologies for Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS)
videantis GmbH
Solutions for computer vision and deep learning
Visteon
See:
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving

2.02.05 Design & engineering

FEV Group GmbH
See:
  • Project: L3Pilot
fka Forschungsgesellschaft Kraftfahrwesen mbH
IAV GmbH Ingenieurgesellschaft Auto und Verkehr
See:
  • Project: Hamburg Electric Autonomous Transportation (HEAT)
  • Project: OTS 1.0
Objective Software GmbH

2.02.06 Map and data

3D Mapping Solutions GmbH
See:
  • Project: KO-HAF: Cooperative highly-automated driving
Atlatec GmbH
3D maps for autonomous driving
See:
  • Research project: UNICARagil

2.04 Testing

DEKRA
See:
  • Facility: Lausitzring

2.04.02 Test facilities

Lausitzring
Belongs to: DEKRA

2.04.03 Test drives

Planned:
CoEXist Stuttgart
Belongs to: CoEXist

2.04.04 Test drives with cars

2017
Cruise4U European Tour
Belongs to: Cruise4U

2.06 Consulting

European Center for Information and Communication Technologies (EICT)
See:
  • Project: DENSE
  • Project: RobustSENSE

2.10 Operations

2.10.03 Public bus services

2018 -
Autonomous bus Berlin Charíté hospital
2018 -
Autonomous bus Berlin Virchow hospital
2017 -
Self-driving bus Bad Birnbach
Planned:
2019 -
Test Centre for Automated Buses Lauenburg (TaBuLa)

B Rank

With these activities, Germany is on rank 1 in comparison of 14 countries
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